COGM 101:How To Calculate Cost Of Goods Manufactured


You also have to take the beginning WIP inventory and ending WIP inventory. WIP inventory is the cost of materials that are not used in production during the accounting period. After these values, you can put all numbers in the goods manufacture formula and move the items to the ending finished goods inventory account. The cost of goods manufactured includes all direct labor incurred during the accounting period. This amount is easily calculated by compiling the payroll cost of all production workers during the period. The cost of goods manufactured is an important KPI to track for a number of reasons.

What is the difference between Cogm and total manufacturing cost?

This is not to be confused with the cost of goods manufactured (COGM), which refers to just the cost of inventory that was finished and prepared for the sale in the period. Rather, total manufacturing costs include all related costs accrued in the period.

To calculate the costs of goods manufactured, simply sum the material, labor, and overhead costs, add in the beginning work in progress inventory, then subtract the engine work in progress inventory. Enter the cost of materials, labor, manufacturing overhead, beginning work in process inventory, and ending work in process inventory into the calculator to determine the cost of goods manufactured. COGS represents the expenses that a company incurs on behalf of the products it sells over a specified period of time.

Costs incurred during production

The concept is useful for examining the cost structure of a company’s production operations. The best approach to examining the cost of goods manufactured is to disaggregate it into its component parts and examine them on a trend line. By doing so, you can determine the types of costs that a company is incurring over time to produce a certain mix and quantity of goods.


Cost of Goods Manufactured (COGM) is a common accounting term used in managerial accounting. It refers to the total manufacturing cost a company incurs to manufacture products and turn them into finished goods inventory for sale during an accounting period. COGM is a critical component of profit and loss statements and measures the cost of producing and selling a product. By comparing the COGM to the revenue generated from selling the product, a company can determine its gross profit margin and assess its financial performance. The Cost of Goods Manufactured (COGM) is a term used in managerial accounting that refers to a schedule or statement that shows the total production costs for a company during a specific period of time.

What is the formula to calculate the COGM?

The inputs can be direct or indirect, but they all contribute to the final cost of the product. Companies can easily reduce the cost of goods manufactured by reducing the materials required to produce its product. The (COGS) is an essential component that provides a clear picture to business owners and managers about the company’s manufacturing performance. Only after the cost of goods manufactured is calculated can a company compute its cost of goods sold. A high rate indicates that the company’s manufacturing operations may not be utilizing the resources available as efficiently as they should. On the other hand, a low rate points towards effective and efficient resource use.


Cost of Goods Manufactured (COGM) is a term used in managerial accounting that refers to a schedule or statement that shows the total production costs for a company during a specific period of time. Just like the name implies, COGM is the total cost incurred to manufacture products and transfer them into finished goods inventory for retail sale. However, production software such as a capable manufacturing ERP system continuously tracks all manufacturing costs and inventory movements and calculates both COGM and COGS automatically. This means that a company need not wait until the end of accounting periods to find out these crucial financial metrics. It also means that approximate calculations are replaced by real, data-based numbers, increasing the accuracy of financial statements.


The cost of goods manufactured (COGM) is the total amount of money required to manufacture finished goods in a financial year or accounting period. To make the manufacturer’s income statement more understandable to readers of the financial statements, accountants do not show all of the details that appear in the cost of goods manufactured statement. Notice the relationship of the statement of cost of goods manufactured to the income statement. The beginning work in progress (WIP) inventory is the ending WIP balance from the prior accounting period, i.e. the closing carrying balance is carried forward as the beginning balance for the next period. Finished Goods Inventory, as the name suggests, contains any products, goods, or services that are fully ready to be delivered to customers in final form.

  • Subtracting the EOP WIP ensures that these costs are not counted twice in the production of these products.
  • COGM is the total cost of everything that goes into making a product ready for sale.
  • Manufacturing companies have accounting variables that are specific to manufacturing settings.
  • It includes the cost of the raw materials and labor used in producing goods and any additional costs directly attributable to the production process, such as factory overheads, utilities, and depreciation.
  • When a company produces its products, you need to have a solid system for calculating COGM.

Previously a Portfolio Manager for MDH Investment Management, David has been with the firm for nearly a decade… This content was originally created by member and has evolved with the help of our mentors. With 10 Years of Experience in Sourcing products from china,We will share knowledge of how to wholesale products from china and how different types of products are made in China. Let’s talk about the formula used to calculate the Cost of Goods Manufactured. An example of this would be a company that has sales of 500,000 and Cost of Goods Sold of 375,000.

Calculating the Direct Materials a Company Uses

Without knowing COGM, it’s almost impossible for a manufacturer to reduce its manufacturing costs and improve profitability. Reducing labor costs is an excellent way to lower the expense of goods manufactured without compromising product quality. These three primary components make up any business’s total manufacturing cost. This means that companies sometimes spend slightly more or less money on production than was expected.


The cost of goods manufactured (COGM) is one of the inputs necessary to calculate a company’s end-of-period work in progress (WIP) inventory, which is the value of inventory currently in a production process stage. COGM stands for “cost of goods manufactured” and represents the total costs incurred throughout the process of creating a finished product that can be sold to customers. The COGM formula starts with the beginning-of-period work in progress inventory (WIP), adds manufacturing costs, and subtracts the end-of-period WIP inventory balance. The cost of goods manufactured is included in a company’s income statement, usually together with the beginning and ending finished goods inventories. The perpetual inventory system provided by modern manufacturing software eliminates big chunks of arduous work from accounting while also reducing or negating data entry errors. In addition, more capable solutions have built-in integrations with financial software such as Xero or Quickbooks, enabling automation of financial data and hugely simplifying purchase and sales order management.